Before beginning the job search, you’ve got to define your lifestyle. Your lifestyle will help determine the type of job that will suit you best. There are two major job types: part-time work and full-time work, and we want to help you find out which is best for you.
In the UK there is no explicit full-time working hour; it is defined as an employee who works more than 35 hours per week from Monday through Friday. On a global scale, a full-time work week ranges from 35 hours a week (in France) to 47 hours a week (in Turkey). According to The Guardian, the average full-time worker in the UK spends 40.8 hours working weekly, but some studies have shown that this number is rising and employees in selected sectors are working up to 48 hours per week.
What are the advantages of a full-time position? Full-time positions are career based, focusing on regularly acquiring new skill, with a strong emphasis on “moving up the ladder”, meaning gaining promotions, stature in the company or organisation, and increasing salary. A full-time employee will also always acquire benefits that a part-time employee may not receive, including health benefits, paid sick leave, paternity and maternity leave as well as retirement plans.
As a full-time employee, there are downsides that may affect an employee’s personal life and sometimes, put a strain on mental health. An increasing emphasis on wealth is an important factor to the rising working hours. The environments of some full-time positions may be in a constant state of stress; deadlines, meetings and the matter that an employee is always connected; to E-mails, phone calls and everything else technology has brought upon us, makes it very difficult to separate personal life from working life. The constant connection to work may also cause a strain on family relationships.
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What are the advantages of a part-time position? According to the UK government, a part-time employee is “protected from being treated less favourably than full-time workers”. This meaning that only under certain circumstances are they denied the benefits of a full-time worker. Part-time employees focus less on a career driven position and more on flexibility and maintaining a work-life balance. Part-time employees work fewer than 30 hours per week, their schedule is usually flexible, based on their situation. If the part-time employee has high career goals, they may be offered a full-time position as time progresses.
There are also negative factors within part-time work. There are over 8 million part-time workers in the UK today. This could be because of personal restraints but also because of a competitive full-time market. Part-time work is much easier to find than a full-time position and though a job seeker would prefer a full-time position, he or she has accepted the part-time position in hopes of growing with the company or as a means of financial support as they continue to look for a full-time position. As a part-time worker, it is difficult to develop a career path and an employee may miss out on learning fundamental skills. There are also some situations where a part-time worker may be denied the benefits that are given to a full-time worker, though this is scarce.
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There are advantages and disadvantages to both types of work. Thus, defining your career goals, as well as personal and financial goals before job searching is a good idea. A job or career will be a big part of our life, and it’s important to note how it will affect our lives.